Name: Maria Bastos Cacciari
Type: MSc dissertation
Publication date: 04/08/2017
Advisor:

Namesort descending Role
Luiz Gustavo Silva Souza Advisor *

Examining board:

Namesort descending Role
Luiz Gustavo Silva Souza Advisor *
Sabrine Mantuan dos Santos Coutinho Internal Examiner *
Zeidi Araujo Trindade Internal Examiner *

Summary: Alcoholism is often marked by stigma and the alcoholic is often reduced to alcoholdependent status, which may disregard the subject in his various social roles, such as those experienced in the family and health services. The general objective of the study was to identify and analyze the social representations of the family built by popular alcoholic men. More specifically, we sought to: a) know the set of ideas, images, values, norms and affections that the participants associate with the family; b) to know how the family (of origin and current) is described in the discourse on the life trajectory of alcoholic men; c) analyze the representations of alcoholic men about other objects of social representation: masculinity, paternity, conjugality and alcoholism, in their relations with the target object (family). Ten alcoholic men, members of a Family Health Unit (FHU), members of a Health Promotion Group named Men Group, participated in the municipality of Vitória-ES. Two qualitative studies were performed. In the first study, we investigated the perceptions about the family of origin and current, among other objects of social representation, built from the life trajectory of alcoholic men. The instruments used in the data collection were: the CAGE (used as an auxiliary instrument to support the indication of cases of alcohol dependence), a Sociodemographic Questionnaire and two Semi-Structured Interview Protocols elaborated specifically for this research. The Thematic Content Analysis was used for data treatment, the results being discussed from commonsense theories about family with emphasis on gender beliefs. In the second study, we sought, mainly, to identify and analyze figurative nuclei of the social representations about family built by alcoholic men. For the data collection, a third Semi-Structured Interview Protocol elaborated specifically for this research was presented, presenting specific questions about family and two exercises of imagination proposed to investigate aspects considered essential by the participants to define a family as a family. In the data analysis an adaptation of the phenomenological method was used for psychological investigation. It sought to identify "non-negotiable" elements of the representations, those that, in the participants' conception, are fundamental to conceive of what the family is. As results, it was verified that traditional gender relations marked perceptions about the family of origin and current, with the striking idea of male honor and female submission. The idea of paternity also appeared related to the role of provider. At the same time, notions of male care were perceived. The results showed that, unlike the idea of the alcoholic seen as problematic and focused on the disease, the participants revealed in their life trajectory the importance of the family. The figurative nucleus of family social representations was more centered on traditional family images as blood families, involving father, mother and siblings. Also appeared other important elements, such as: union, care, dialogue, love and coexistence. Thus, it was possible to verify that the family is objectified and represented not only with the idea of blood ties, but also with the idea of support networks, such as friends. Masculinity and masculine honor were present in the arguments and the social role of the woman for the participants marked by the traditional family image. In its practical scope, the study allowed the reflection on the gender roles and the social representations of family in alcoholic men, in order to promote a critical analysis by the health professionals about the work offered to this population. The analysis of the social context and the focus on the discourses and perceptions of the men about their life trajectory sought to broaden the view on the alcoholic subject and to emphasize the necessity of linking the theme "family" to the work offered to the users.

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